Baku, also known as Baky or Bakı, is located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, that projects into the Caspian Sea. The city consists of two principal parts: the downtown and the old Inner City. Baku's urban population at the beginning of 2009 was estimated at just over two million people.
Baku is the largest city in the Caucasus and the capital of Azerbaijan. Baku is on the coast of the Caspian Sea on the southern tip of the Absheron Peninsula. There are three major divisions in Baku: İçəri Şəhər (the ancient city), the Soviet built city, and the newest part of the city.
The principle tourist attraction is generally centred around sightseeing in Baku Walled fortress. Forming part of the Old City it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and can be discovered generally in a full day. Other tourist activity is genually centred around exploring the culture and atmosphere of this capital city.